Relative Clauses (3) – Other Relative Pronouns


We consistently utilize a relative provision starting with whose + thing, especially in composed English, when we talk about something having a place with or related with an individual. Think about:

Example(1): Stevenson is a draftsman. Her plans have won worldwide applause.

Example(1): Stevenson is a draftsman (whose) plans have won worldwide applause.

Example(2): Dr Rowan has needed to do all his own composing. His secretary surrendered fourteen days back.

Example(2): Dr Rowan, (whose) secretary surrendered fourteen days prior, has had to all his own typing.

We can utilize ‘whose’ in both characterizing and non characterizing relative conditions. We here and there use ‘whose’ when we are discussing things, specifically when we are discussing towns or nations, and associations:

Example: The film was made in Botswana, (whose) natural life parks are bigger than those in Kenya.

Example: We have to gain from organizations (whose) exchanging is more solid than our own.

Example: The paper is claimed by the Mearson Group, (whose) director is Sir James Box.

We can likewise utilize ‘whose’ when we are discussing specific things, in spite of the fact that it is frequently increasingly regular in communicated in English to stay away from sentences this way:

Example: I got a letter, (whose) poor spelling made me think it was composed by a kid (progressively characteristic would be I gotten a letter,and its poor spelling… )

We frequently utilize the words where, when and whereby as relative pronouns. Be that as it may, in formal English in particular,a express with relational word + which can regularly be utilized:

Example: This was (where) we initially met (or… the spot at/in which we… )

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Example: He wasn’t anticipating (when) he would need to offer proof to the court (or… the time at which he would… )

Example: Do you know the date (when) we need to present the first essay? (or then again… the date on/by which we need to present the first essay?)

Example: The administration is to end the framework (whereby) ranchers get more cash-flow from leaving land unplanted than from developing wheat.(or… the framework in/by which ranchers… )

We can likewise utilize ‘why’ as a relative pronoun after the word season. In formal English we can utilize ‘that’ rather than ‘why’:

Example: I didn’t get a compensation rise, however this wasn’t the motivation behind why I left. (or on the other hand… the explanation (that) I felt.)

We some of the time utilize relative provisos starting with who for sure. For this situation, ‘who’ signifies ‘the individuals that’ and ‘what’ signifies something like ‘the thing (s) that’:

Example: Can you give me a rundown of who’s been welcomed?

Example: I didn’t comprehend ‘what’ to do next.

Notice that we can’t utilize ‘what’ along these lines after a thing:

Example: I figured out how to get all the books (that) you requested (not… books what you asked for.)

Relative provisos starting with ‘whatever, whoever, or whichever’ are utilized to discuss things or individuals that are inconclusive or obscure:

Example: I’m certain I’ll appreciate eating (whatever) you cook.

Example: Whoever wins will proceed to play Barcelona in the final.

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