The commonest grammar mistake includes the flexibility to depend. Happily, you solely have to have the ability to depend greater than 1.
If I write, “A person buys a home,” you possibly can depend the variety of males: 1.
If I write, “Males purchase homes,” it’s worthwhile to depend greater than 1 as a result of this sentence describes greater than 1 man.
Now, let us take a look at these two samples extra fastidiously.
Within the first sentence, “A person buys a home,” the topic is 1 man, described as “a person.” The verb “buys” ends with the letter “s.” Once we conjugate verbs within the current tense, we are able to see that verbs for the third individual singular finish with the letter “s.”
First individual, singular topic: “I purchase.”
Second individual, singular topic: “You purchase.”
Third individual, singular topic: “He buys.” (Discover the “s” on the finish of the verb.)
What we’ve got simply discovered is that if the topic is singular, the verb can also be singular, which means just one individual or factor. Additionally, we see that the verb has an “s.”
Within the second sentence, “Males purchase homes,” we’ve got greater than 1 man, described as “males.” The topic is plural (greater than 1), and the verb not has the “s.”
And that is the place we get the most typical grammar mistake. The commonest grammar mistake is to make use of a singular topic (one individual or factor) with a verb within the third individual singular (the verb has the “s”) however then discuss with the topic with a plural pronoun.
Maybe an instance will assist right here. Let’s construct a sentence half by half, and see what is occurring.
Begin of incorrect sentence: “Everybody” – That is 1 individual as a result of it refers to every particular person individual, so it’s singular.
Persevering with incorrect sentence: “Everybody wants” – We added the third individual singular verb, which has an “s.”
Ending incorrect sentence: “to spend their cash properly.” -The pronoun on this half is “their,” and it refers back to the topic, “Everybody.” “Their” is a plural topic, which implies it refers to greater than 1 individual.
Right here is the entire sentence with the grammar mistake: “Everybody must spend their cash properly.” This sentence has a singular topic, a singular verb, and a plural pronoun. The issue is the pronoun.
For proper grammar, the pronoun must be plural or singular relying on the phrase it refers to. If it refers to a singular individual or factor, it must be singular. If it refers to multiple individual or factor, it, too, must be plural.
The right pronoun that may discuss with “everybody” on this pattern are “his,” “her,” “its,” and “whose.” These are all singular pronouns as a result of they discuss with 1 individual or factor.
This morning, I used to be studying one among my favourite blogs, The Motley Idiot, and I got here throughout this sentence: “Third, for somebody who desires to maximise their time… ” ( http://www.idiot.com/investing/basic/2014/01/05/should-you-start-buying-stocks-in-2014-heres-what.aspx ). Whoops, it accommodates the most typical grammar error.
The defective sentence accommodates a singular topic, “who.” We all know “who” is singular as a result of it refers to “somebody,” which is singular. We additionally know it’s singular as a result of it has a singular verb: “desires.” The verb ends in “s,” so it’s third individual singular.
Thus, the sentence has a singular topic and a singular verb. Then we see the pronoun “their.” The pronoun will not be singular; it refers to greater than 1 individual. And that is the most typical grammar error.
To discuss with the singular topic, the pronoun must be singular, too. If we solely change the pronoun to appropriate this sentence, we get these choices.
“Third, for somebody who desires to maximise his time… ” (That is appropriate, however some folks assume utilizing “his” is sexist, so this is not a very good choice.)
“Third, for somebody who desires to maximise her time… ” (Identical drawback because the earlier correction.)
“Third, for somebody who desires to maximise its time… ” (This does not make sense. We do not use “its” to discuss with folks.)
“Third, for somebody who desires to maximise whose time… ” (This additionally would not make sense.)
So what are we to do? Correcting the grammar error is easy.
If we need to use a plural pronoun, we have to have a plural topic and verb. Thus, we are able to change “somebody” to “folks” and alter “desires” to “need.” Right here is the right sentence:
“Third, for individuals who need to maximize their time… “
Now, the topic “who” is plural. We all know it’s plural as a result of it refers back to the “folks.” “Folks” is plural as a result of it describes multiple individual. We additionally know it’s plural as a result of its verb is “need,” which not accommodates the “s.”
A plural pronoun (“their”) can solely discuss with a plural topic (“who”) that has a plural verb (“need”). Now that we’ve got a plural topic and a plural pronoun, the sentence is appropriate.
This is the recommendation: for those who use a plural pronoun, corresponding to “they,” “their,” and “them,” verify the phrase it refers to. If the pronoun refers to greater than 1 factor, it’s appropriate. If it refers to 1 factor, the pronoun is wrong, and you’ve got made the most typical grammar error.
You possibly can repair this error two methods:
1. Make the pronoun singular (“Third, for somebody who desires to maximise his time… “) or
2. Change the phrase the pronoun refers to in order that the pronoun refers to multiple factor (“Third, for individuals who need to maximize their time… “)
The writing information “Concise Information to Technical and Educational Writing” is an effective supply of knowledge that can assist you understand-and fix-this and different frequent grammar errors.